CBD and Vertigo: Effects and Treatment

Vertigo is the sensation that you or the environment around you is spinning. This is a symptom and not a condition. Vertigo attacks can develop suddenly and last for a few seconds, but they can last much longer. If you have severe vertigo, your symptoms may be constant and last for several days, making everyday tasks very difficult. Other symptoms associated with vertigo are loss of balance, feeling sick, and dizziness. There are many treatments for vertigo, it just depends on what’s causing the attacks. For those people who want to go natural, CBD is a great option.

CBD for Vertigo

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a compound extracted from the hemp plant. It is known to treat a wide variety of health issues such as anxiety, depression, insomnia, stress appetite loss, chronic pain, nausea, dizziness, and in severe cases, liver damage. Unlike THC, which is a psychoactive ingredient that can be found in cannabis plants, CBD is not psychoactive and will not cause you to feel high. CBD possesses anti-nausea, neuroprotective, and anti-inflammatory properties, and is known to suppress vomiting. The dosing of CBD typically ranges from 5 to 25 mg and may increase depending on your doctor’s suggestion and what you want to treat. CBD is not necessarily a treatment for vertigo, but it may help alleviate the symptoms. You should consult your doctor first before taking CBD for vertigo.

What are the Causes of Vertigo?

Vertigo is commonly caused by a problem in the way balance works in the inner ear, but can also be caused by problems in certain parts of the brain like benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BBPV) wherein certain head movements can trigger vertigo. Other causes of vertigo are labyrinthitis which is an inner ear infection, and vestibular neuritis, which is an inflammation of the vestibular nerve. This is responsible for sending messages to the brain to help control balance. Depending on the condition causing your vertigo, you may also experience symptoms such as high temperature, ringing in your ears, (tinnitus) and hearing loss. CBD has been proven to be useful in treating a lot of health issues, including chronic pain such as migraines. Studies show that CBD oil helps reduce migraine attacks associated with vertigo as it has anti-inflammatory effects.

Is CBD Effective for Vertigo Treatment?

Yes. In a study by Frontiers in Neurology in 2018, it was suggested that CBD reduced the recurrence of adverse events when used as an add-on to therapies. Another study conducted suggested that CBD is an effective treatment for nausea and vomiting. Vertigo is a symptom of inflammation and labyrinthitis, which is the swelling of the inner ear and CBD’s anti-inflammatory characteristics proved to be beneficial to alleviate the swelling of the inner ear.

How does CBD Help with Treating Vertigo?

Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that attach to the cannabinoid receptors in the nervous system. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for the regulation of a person’s appetite, mood, sleep, pain, and immune system. 

1. CBD for Nausea caused by Vertigo

Nausea is defined as having discomfort in the stomach usually accompanied by an urge to vomit. Discomfort might include heaviness, tightness, and a feeling of indigestion. Nausea can make you not want to drink or eat anything which can lead to dehydration. CBD is known to help people manage nausea of all types, from a wave of hangover nausea to chemotherapy-induced nausea. CBD helps manage nausea by interacting with the serotonin receptors. These serotonin receptors influence how you feel, your mood, your behaviour, and your general sense of well-being. It brings balance to the serotonin system which helps alleviate nausea.

2. CBD for Headaches caused by Vertigo

A headache is a pain in your head or face. They can be throbbing, constant, sharp or dull. Headaches can be dangerous especially when you get them regularly. In severe headaches, you can also experience a change in vision, slurred speech, confusion, or memory loss.  Most vertigo attacks are accompanied by severe headaches and migraines most especially if you have benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BBPV). CBD helps with headaches caused by vertigo because the endocannabinoid system is involved in regulating pain. By affecting the receptors in the endocannabinoid system, CBD helps reduce pain.

3. CBD for Vomiting caused by Vertigo

Vomiting is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying of the stomach through the mouth. It’s usually a way of getting rid of something harmful in the stomach. Vomiting can cause irritation in the stomach and also dehydration. Vomiting happens frequently in nausea sufferers. The neuron circuits in the brainstem detect a toxic substance and attempt to get rid of it from the gastrointestinal tract. CBD decreases the release of serotonin which results in weaker stimulation on the vomiting controls in the brain. With the help of CBD, serotonin in our system becomes balanced.

4. CBD for Dizziness caused by Vertigo

Dizziness is when a person feels faint, woozy, weak, or unsteady. It creates the feeling that you or your world around you is spinning. A dizzy spell does not usually indicate a life-threatening condition but it can be unnerving. It can sometimes be associated with more serious conditions such as cardiovascular problems. If dizziness leads to a fall, it can be dangerous. There’s limited study on the benefits of CBD for dizziness alone. A study published in 2006 suggests that there may be cannabinoid receptors in the central vestibular system. This system is often involved in acute attacks of dizziness. Although this does not prove that CBD is reliable for fighting dizziness, it’s a suggestion that more research is needed in this area. Nausea, vomiting, and dizziness usually occur alongside one another.

Can CBD Help You with Balance?

Yes. Dizziness and vertigo are symptoms of vestibular balance disorder. Balance disorders can happen at any age but are more common as you get older, usually caused by medicines, infections, inner ear problems and traumatic injuries such as brain injury. While many balance disorders have no cures, some evidence suggests that CBD can calm some symptoms like tinnitus, vertigo, and anxiety. Some patients have seen improvements in their day-to-day lives with the use of CBD.

How should You Use CBD for Vertigo?

CBD is a very useful compound that provides the same benefits as THC without causing you to feel high. If you struggle with vertigo and are looking for a substance that would help the symptoms, you may want to use CBD. There are different ways to use CBD for vertigo.

  • CBD Oils. CBD oils are usually taken with a sublingual tincture but they can be mixed with your food or drink. Place one or more drops under the tongue and hold it for at least 90 seconds before swallowing. You will the effects within 15 minutes after taking the CBD. The daily dose may range between 5 to 25 mg depending on your doctor and what you want to treat. Remember that each drop of oil is equivalent to 0.05 mL and CBD oil bottles usually contain 1,500 mg per mL. One drop would contain 2.5 mg of CBD. Here are some of the best CBD oils you can buy:
  • Cheef Botanicals Full Spectrum CBD Oil: no THC, 100% natural ingredients, organic, non-GMO,  cruelty-free gelatin, full-spectrum
  • FAB CBD Oil: pesticide-free, non-GMO, organic, broad-spectrum
  • CBD Vapes. Smoking CBD using a vape pen is the fastest way to feel the effects of CBD. Start with the lowest possible dose which is 5 mg and gradually increase as needed. You will feel the effects within 15 minutes after inhaling CBD vape. Here are some of the CBD vapes and cartridges you can buy:
  • Funky Farms Vape Juice: full-spectrum, high-quality, hemp-extracted
  • Pure Hemp CBD Vapes: CBD isolates, high-quality
  • CBD Gummies. Ingesting CBD gummies is the most popular and easiest way to take CBD. Swallowing or consuming food with CBD will take 45 minutes to 2 hours before you feel it taking effect as it needs to pass through your digestive tract. Multiple factors need to be taken into account when determining the dosage. This includes body weight, body chemistry and your condition. Here are some of the best brands of CBD gummies you can buy:
  • ZenBears CBD Gummies: vegan, forest-friendly, organic, THC-free, broad-spectrum
  • Exhale Wellness Delta-8 CBD Gummies: vegan, 100% organic, contains less than 0.3% THC

Consult with your doctor first before using CBD. While it is generally considered safe, it can cause side effects such as dry mouth, reduced appetite, fatigue, and loss of appetite when interacting with other medications and drugs. There is no correct dose for CBD but doctors usually recommend 6 mg per 24 hours for treating vertigo symptoms.

What are the Other Treatment Options of Vertigo?

Treatment for vertigo depends on what’s causing it. In some cases, vertigo goes away without treatment. For some, treatment is needed and may include:

  • Vestibular rehabilitation. This is a physical therapy that helps strengthen the vestibular system.
  • Canalith repositioning manoeuvres. These are specific head and body movements for BBPV. The movements are done to move the calcium deposits out of the canal into an inner chamber so that they can be absorbed by the body. A doctor or physical therapist will guide you throughout the movements.
  • Acupuncture. Acupuncture has been used for the relief of acute illnesses such as pain, dizziness, and vertigo.
  • Medicine. Medication may be given to relieve symptoms such as nausea associated with vertigo. If vertigo is caused by infection or inflammation, your doctor will give you antibiotics or steroids
  • Surgery. If vertigo is caused by a more serious problem such as a tumour or a neck injury, surgery may be needed.

How is CBD compared to Alternative Treatments for Vertigo?

Certain medications are prescribed by doctors to help with nausea, vomiting and dizziness. These medicines are well-research and are proven effective. The downside is, they’re usually expensive and not natural. Some patients experience severe side effects such as hives, fatigue, and in some cases, heart and liver damage. Unlike some prescribed medications for vertigo such as diazepam and lorazepam, CBD oil may be purchased without a prescription where they are legally available. Although research regarding CBD is still limited, some scientific studies suggest that CBD may help suppress dizziness, nausea, and vomiting, which are often linked to some cases of vertigo.CBD is also a natural alternative that has shown to have few side effects, and the side effects of CBD are less common than those associated with some pharmaceutical medications used to treat vertigo symptoms. Also, using CBD may help provide some much-needed and quick relief. Before using CBD products for vertigo, consult with your doctor first.