Cannabidiol (CBD): Overview, Uses, Side Effects

Cannabidiol is a natural compound found in the cannabis flower which has therapeutic properties. CBD is a non-addictive substance and is one of more than a hundred phytocannabinoids found within the cannabis plant. People use CBD to help regular a broad range of physiological processes that contribute to their experience of everyday life. This can include blood pressure, the experience of pain, stress and even anxiety. You can find CBD from many online and physical wellness stores across the world, various countries have different restrictions to the use of CBD. The chemical formula of CBD C21H30O2. CBD was first discovered in 1940 by Roger Adams when he isolated CBD another cannabinoid CBD from hemp.

CBD Definition

How CBD is Made?

  • The most common method of extracting CBD is CO2 extraction using a closed-loop extractor in a similar process to extracting essential oils. Co2 extraction is considered a cleaner and purer form of extractions there is no residue at the end of the process.
  • To further refine CBD, the oil goes through a Short Path Distillation. And is a similar method as Winterization. The cannabidiol extract is heated and each compound is separated, isolating each compound.

What is the Chemical Structure of CBD?

The chemical structure of CBD is complex. C21H30O2.

What are the Purposes of CBD?

The purpose of CBD is dependent on what it is being used for. CBD is used for medical purposes. It is also being researched for a wide range of other uses, such as fighting depression and anxiety, making it a versatile product. People use CBD in different forms for individual reasons. It is a general wellness product that many people find useful.

What are the Types of CBD?

The types of CBD are as follows:

Full-spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD products include a variety of terpene and other cannabinoids and may contain up to 0.3%THC. The chemical structure of full-spectrum CBD is the same as the normal CBD structure is C21H30O2. The cannabinoids help to reduce pain and normal body aches as well as promoting a relaxing mind and body. The difference between Full-spectrum CBD and other CBD types is the additional terpene and presence of THC.

Broad-spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD is a type of cannabidiol oil that has both CBD and THC. It has a great aroma and is great for those who want to meditate and relax. The chemical structure of Broad-spectrum CBD is the same as regular CBD which is C21H30O2. The benefits of using Broad-spectrum CBD are heightened as they contain additional compounds which work with each other to create a better effect. The effect of broad-spectrum is the “entourage effect”.

CBD isolate

CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD and does not contain THC. CBD isolate does not contain other cannabinoids, terpenes or plant compounds. CBD isolate is better than CBD whole plant extract, because isolate has been processed without passing through conventional plant material. Generally, CBD isolate is used to treat more severe cases of sleep disorders, but more recently is grows in popularity for general wellbeing benefits. The main difference between CBD isolate compared with broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD is that it doesn’t contain extra compounds or elements of cannabis.

Is Cannabidiol Legal?

Yes, Cannabidiol is legal in many places throughout the world. The places that CBD is legal are limited though. Many countries, like the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany have made cannabidiol legal. It is possible to legally purchase CBD in many shopping malls, supermarkets and even coffee shops within the United States.

In the UK CBD is legal as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC. The rules around cannabidiol in the UK are much stricter than the alternative medication, Sativex.

Is CBD Safe?

Yes CBD is safe to use, but it is possible to experience some side effects which could be uncomfortable. These side effects include headaches, fatigue, diarrhoea, loss of appetite. You shouldn’t use CBD with medications that have a grapefruit warning, this is because CBD can interfere with how these medications work.

Is CBD Good for Pets?

No CBD is not good for pets such s dogs and cats. The reason cannabidiol isn’t suitable for pets is that it may not correctly treat your pets needs. Pet health problems should be treated primarily through prescription medication. However, CBD is very safe for humans and may serve as a powerful painkiller for some patients. Dogs metabolise CBD and THC differently from humans, so it is not recommended that you give CBD to pets.

What are the Benefits of CBD?

1. Pain Relief

The benefit of using CBD is to help relieve chronic pain symptoms. In 2017 a review found cannabidiol assist chronic neuropathy pain in humans. Neuropathic pain is caused by nerve damage and CBD can help target this kind of nerve pain because it reduces nerve cell activity. CBD can be beneficial for diseases like sclerosis and injuries like slipped discs, and even infections such as shingles.

2. Good for Sleep

CBD is useful in aiding a good nights sleep because, in high dosages, it increases sleep duration. As sleep is essential to your overall health and wellbeing, taking CBD can help you achieve a decent nights sleep. This will improve your ability to deal with everyday stresses and keep you in better overall health. CBD research currently shows that CBD can help with sleep disorders such as insomnia, REM sleep behaviour disorder and excessive daytime sleepiness disorder. CBD helps sleep by reducing anxiety and depressive thoughts that lead to stress.

3. Reducing Anxiety

CBD helps to reduce anxiety by acting as a natural antianxiety agent. Using the endocannabinoid system as a basis, CBD has been shown to provide a calming effect to those suffering from stress and paranoia. Cannabidiol has been successful in reducing anxiety, acting as a natural antidepressant as well as a stress-reliever. Another important benefit of CBD is the relief of pain as it reduces inflammation as well as swelling. Dealing with chronic pain can cause people anxiety and stress. CBD eases the pain and anxiety associated with pain.

4. Weight Regulation

CBD regulates weight by controlling appetite. The process of CBD controlling your appetite is mainly due to the fight of enzymes and hormones that work together in the body. Once ingested, CBD interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors which play a role in your metabolism.

5. Immunity

Immunity is improved by using CBD. The way that CBD improves your immunity is by blocking the cells from releasing cyclic-AMP, the molecule that triggers the inflammatory response. It does so by reducing the effects of both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the body.

Can CBD help you to Lose Weight?

Yes, CBD can help you lose weight. CBD helps to suppress your appetite by acting on your hunger hormones leptin and ghrelin- a. The suppression of your appetite allows you to feel full longer and eat less.

What are the Side Effects of CBD? 

  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhoea
  • Reduced appetite
  • Drowsiness and fatigue

What does CBD Feel Like?

The CBD journey is different for everyone, so many people might experience different effects depending on what they are taking it for. Generally speaking, cannabidiol provides you with a sense of calm and returns you to a normal baseline.

Can CBD Make You High?

No, CBD cannot make you high as it does not contain the psychoactive element of cannabis (THC). Healthline explains that the euphoria associated with marijuana is not possible to recreate using CBD.

What are CBD-Containing Products?

The products containing CBD are:

  • CBD oil
  • CBD gummies
  • CBD bath bombs
  • CBD capsule
  • CBD balms
  • CBD facemask

How to Take CBD?

The method of taking CBD tends to be through sublingual absorption. The other method is through an external cream which is used for muscles or joint pain.

What is the Right Dosage for CBD?

There is no specific dosage for using CBD. Each person will have a dosage that suits them best. On average, it is best to start from 10 mg of CBD and slowly increase over a number of days until you reach the best dosage for your ailments. The standard dosage is between 20-40 mg a day.

What are the CBD Facts?

  • CBD can’t get you high.
  • CBD stimulates important CB1 and CBD2 receptors.
  • We naturally produce cannabinoids.
  • CBD can naturally help those suffering from epilepsy.
  • CBD was first discovered in the 1940s.
  • CBD isn’t a new substance, but it is considered a novel food in the UK.
  • Hemp oil and CBD are not the same.
  • There is not an established effective dose of CBD.

What are the Best CBD Product Brands?

  • ZenBears CBD gummy bears.
  • Joy Organics CBD oil
  • Sunoil CBD Vegan Capsules
  • Medterra Pain Relief Cream

What are CBD Gummies?

CBD gummies are an innovative delivery method that allows you to discreetly consume CBD without having to swallow capsules or liquids. These gummies have become one of the most popular options given the vast diversity of strains on the market. The benefit of using CBD gummies is that it allows you to get the benefits of cannabidiol in a highly portable way. CBD Gummy Bears are effective for treating pain, depression, social anxiety and generalized anxiety. ZenBears and CBDfx are popular CBD gummy bear brands within the UK.

What are the Best CBD Gummies?

  • ZenBears CBD gummies
  • CBDfx gummies
  • Penguin CBD Gummies Sour Worms
  • Medterra True Full Spectrum CBD Gummies
  • Verma Farms Maui Melon Gummy Rings

Does CBD Show up on a drug Test?

No, it is unlikely that CBD will be identified on a drug test as these test for THC. However, if the cannabidiol you are using has trace elements of THC this might show on your test.

How Long Does It Take for CBD to Work?

To feel the effects of CBD you will need to wait 30mins-1hour. The effects might even take 2 hours to be noticeable.

How is Cannabidiol different from Marijuana?

Cannabidiol is different from Marijuana because CBD does not contain THC, the compound that gets you high. CBD does not have any psychoactive side effects, which means it can be taken without much worry about medical regulation.

What is the Difference Between THC and CBD?

The difference between THC and CBD is that THC causes a high. CBD doesn’t contain THC, making it legal in many places where THC is not. CBD doesn’t make you high because isn’t psychoactive. CBD-containing products have been found to have benefits across a wide range of physical, mental, and emotional conditions. Because CBD doesn’t contain THC it makes it a safer substance for people to use to treat ailments such as anxiety and insomnia.

What does CBD Stand for?

CBD is an abbreviation of the term cannabidiol. It is derived from the words cannabis and diol. Cannabidiol is a chemical compound from the Cannabis sativa plant or hemp plant.

What is the History of CBD?

The history of how cannabidiol was discovered and its uses is a bit complicated. It all starts in the 1970s when humans discovered cannabis, the plant from which CBD is derived. In 1972, a chemist named Dr Mechoulam isolated a substance from the plant called CBD. In the late 1970s, the United States government classified cannabis as an illegal drug without medicinal properties.